A Comparison Between The Literary Styles Of
Charles Dickens And Thomas Hardy Essay, Research Paper
In order to compare the literary manners of Dickens and Hardy I will utilize & # 8216 ; The Signalman & # 180 ; by Charles Dickens and & # 8216 ; The Withering Arm & # 180 ; by Thomas Hardy. & # 8216 ; The Signalman & # 180 ; features a lonely train signalman who works in signal box by a railroad film editing. He has been visited by a & # 8220 ; spectre & # 8221 ; which appears merely before a fatal accident takes topographic point. The other chief character, who is besides the storyteller, meets the signalman and is told of his sightings. They try to construe the warnings of the apparitional figure. As the two develop a friendly relationship, the storyteller returns to the railroad cutting to see the signalman but finds that he has been killed in an accident that the shade had warned about. & # 8216 ; The Withered Arm & # 180 ; features a dairymaid named Rhoda Brook whose ex-husband, Mr Lodge, remarries a immature lady called Gertrude. Even before run intoing Gertrude, Rhoda is covetous of her and begins to detest her. Without seeing Gertrude, Rhoda dreams that Gertrude is sitting on top of her, seeking to smother her. Rhoda reaches out and catch her arm, forcing her to the floor. Rhoda wakes up but believes that her brush with Gertrude was excessively graphic and existent to be a dream. She meets Gertrude for the first clip and she looks precisely the same in individual as she did in the dream. They become good friends and Gertrude shows Rhoda the grade on her arm, it clearly resembles the clasp that Rhoda had on Gertrude & # 180 ; s arm and so Rhoda becomes worried that she was the cause of Gertrude & # 180 ; s withered arm. Rhoda leaves the small town as chitchat about the ground for Gertrude & # 180 ; s skin ailment spreads. The status on Gertrude & # 180 ; s arm worsens, using more emphasis to Gertrude and Mr Lodge & # 180 ; s relationship and so Gertrude is despairing to happen a remedy to rekindle the love that Mr Lodge felt for her in the earlier phases of their matrimony. Rhoda and Gertrude are reunited at the terminal.
In a manner, the two narratives are similar as their subjects are based on the same subjects: enigma, supernatural and the unknown. They both involve forebodings of destiny and the hereafter. In & # 8216 ; The Signalman & # 180 ; , the storyteller attracts the attending of the signalman by shouting & # 8220 ; Halloa! Below there! & # 8221 ; These were the words recited by the shade who warned him of an accident that would go on in the close hereafter. Besides, these were the words shouted by the train driver as he alerted the signalman of the hurrying train header towards him. Besides, In & # 8216 ; The Withered Arm & # 180 ; , Rhoda dreamt that she had grabbed Gertrude & # 180 ; s arm. It was subsequently discovered that Gertrude woke up with a painful arm on the exact same dark and at the exact same clip that Rhoda had the dream. Besides, Rhoda knew precisely what Gertrude looked like before she had even seen her. In both of the narratives some of the characters experience solitariness and isolation. Although both Dickens and Hardy express this through their characters, Dickens does so in a more intense mode, as more understanding is felt for the signalman than for Rhoda or Gertrude. In & # 8216 ; The Signalman & # 180 ; , the signalman inhabits a little, & # 8220 ; lone and blue & # 8221 ; signal box. He stays in the & # 8220 ; dripping-wet keep & # 8221 ; for hours each twenty-four hours with nil to make except to on occasion & # 8220 ; alteration that signal, trim those visible radiations, and turn his Fe grip & # 8221 ; . Devils may hold created this character to show his understanding for those who are lonely. He may hold wanted us to feel for the signalman, as he is a & # 8220 ; good educated & # 8221 ; adult male constrained by a crude business. This understanding was heightened because of the decease of the signalman. Possibly the fact that Dickens does non give the signalman a name shows that he is deemed unimportant to most people. Devils may desire us to counter this position and to believe that all human existences are of import. In & # 8216 ; The Withered Arm & # 180 ; , Rhoda & # 180 ; s best friend is Gertrude and so she is terrified that Gertrude will detect that she was the cause of the skin ailment. This shows Rhoda & # 180 ; s former solitariness as she merely merely met Gertrude and antecedently hated her, but Gertrude outright became her best friend. Gertrude & # 180 ; s solitariness is shown when her relationship with Mr Lodge deteriorates and besides when Rhoda leaves the small town. At this phase in the narrative, Gertrude can non speak to her lone friend, Rhoda, and she is detached from her hubby due to her shriveled arm. Gertrude feels isolated and I think this is a state of affairs that Hardy sympathises with. Hardy may besides hold positions about rejection. This is shown where Gertrude sees Rhoda and Mr Lodge & # 180 ; s boy walking along the route and asks Mr Lodge who he is. Mr Lodge merely says the male child is & # 8220 ; one of the vicinity, & # 8221 ; and goes onto say that he thinks the male child & # 8220 ; lives with his female parent a stat mi or two off & # 8221 ; . He does non even pass on with the male child and does non experience the demand to state Gertrude that he is his boy. Another similarity is that when cryptic events take topographic point, none of the characters from either of the narratives believe in happenstances. In & # 8216 ; The Signalman & # 180 ; the storyteller says, & # 8220 ; work forces of common sense did non let much for happenstances & # 8221 ; . The storyteller of & # 8216 ; The Withered Arm & # 180 ; says Rhoda & # 8220 ; did non ground on the monsters of coincidence. & # 8221 ; This may hold been due to the nature of the people of the clip the narratives were written or merely the sentiments of Dickens and Hardy.
Previously, similarities between the two authors were discussed, but there are besides many differences between them. & # 8216 ; The Withered Arm & # 180 ; is much longer than & # 8216 ; The Signalman & # 180 ; and the two narratives are structured really otherwise. Dickens & # 180 ; authorship flows throughout the narrative, whereas Hardy chooses to utilize headed chapters. The difference in constructions may be connected to the clip spans involved in the narratives. In & # 8216 ; The Withered Arm & # 180 ; it is clear that the secret plan is spread out through a figure of old ages and frequently inbetween chapters a big sum of clip has passed. This is shown at the beginning of chapter 6 as it reads, & # 8220 ; Half a twelve old ages passed off & # 8230 ; & # 8221 ; . This allows Hardy to make a more luxuriant narrative line and utilize several characters. Whereas, & # 8216 ; The Signalman & # 180 ; ranges over a period of merely three yearss. Dickens concentrates on the chief characters and is more compendious in stating the narrative and seting his positions across. As the secret plan concludes rapidly, when we read of the signalman & # 180 ; s decease it is more lurid. The two writers besides introduce the narratives in different ways. Dickens opens the narrative with address, the storyteller shouts, & # 8220 ; halloa! Below there! & # 8221 ; This starts the narrative off rapidly. Hardy introduces the narrative by puting the scene. This starts the narrative gently before presenting characters and utilizing Defense Intelligence Agency
Both Dickens and Hardy extensively describe scenes and characters, but they use different methods. Dickens concentrates more on the description of characters & # 180 ; organic structure linguistic communication and motion and the scene of the narrative. Whereas, Hardy better describes the visual aspect of the characters. Hardy uses more duologue in & # 8216 ; The Withered Arm & # 180 ; than Dickens does in & # 8216 ; The Signalman & # 180 ; as Hardy & # 180 ; s narrative is much longer than Dickens & # 180 ; . Dickens uses duologue to develop the relationship of the two characters, convey the characters & # 180 ; personalities and carry the secret plan frontward. Hardy uses duologue in these ways every bit good, but he besides uses it to depict characters. For illustration, he uses a conversation between Rhoda and her boy, where Rhoda wishes to cognize what Gertrude looks like and Rhoda & # 180 ; s boy describes her. He says, & # 8220 ; her hair is lightish, and her face every bit comely as a unrecorded doll & # 180 ; s & # 8221 ; . This allows us to build a mental image of Gertrude. Dickens uses his narrative manner to put the scene and depict the motion of characters. The storyteller describes the railroad cutting signal box as a & # 8220 ; lone and blue topographic point, & # 8221 ; with & # 8220 ; dripping moisture walls of jaggy rock, & # 8221 ; and entreaties to our senses by stating that that the tunnel has & # 8220 ; an crude, lifelessly smell & # 8221 ; . The storyteller besides observes the signalman attentively and depict his motion. The following quotation marks from & # 8216 ; The Signalman & # 180 ; show this well, & # 8220 ; He was several times interrupted by the small bell, and had to read off messages and direct answers, & # 8221 ; he continues, & # 8220 ; I observed him to be unusually exact and argus-eyed, interrupting off his revelation at a syllable, and staying silent until what he had to make was finished. & # 8221 ; This allows us to conceive of that we are in the room with the signalman, watching him as he works, observing every item of his motion and actions.
The narrative manners of the two writers are really of import in their descriptions. Dickens uses a first individual narrative manner, while Hardy uses a 3rd individual narrative manner. Dickens & # 180 ; manner ushers us through the secret plan as if we are at that place, closely spectating the events of the narrative. The undermentioned quotation mark describes the film editing and demonstrates the effects of Dickens & # 180 ; narrative manner good, & # 8220 ; it was made through a clammy rock that became oozier and wetting agent as I went down & # 8221 ; . This allows us to experience as if we, ourselves, are falling down the & # 8220 ; zigzag way & # 8221 ; . Although this is really realistic, this manner has restraints ; the storyteller is unable to cognize what the other characters are experiencing, he can merely give his ideas and feelings. This besides adds to the cryptic ambiance. Hardy & # 180 ; s narrative manner means that & # 8216 ; The Withered Arm & # 180 ; is perchance non every bit vivid as & # 8216 ; The Signalman & # 180 ; , but the storyteller is able to province what the characters are believing and feeling.
Devils and Hardy usage characters and their relationships really otherwise. Dickens uses two chief characters, the storyteller and the signalman, and two really minor characters who were merely created to reason the narrative. The narrative is based on the signalman, but the storyteller is really about every bit of import as the signalman. The relationship between the signalman and the storyteller develops really rapidly due to the length of the narrative. At the beginning of the narrative, the signalman is weary of the storyteller but rapidly begins to swear him. Soon after this they become good friends and bask speaking to each other, but their friendly relationship ends suddenly as on the 3rd twenty-four hours of their familiarity the signalman was killed in an accident. Hardy besides uses two chief characters, Rhoda Brook and Gertrude Lodge, but has many other minor characters who continue the secret plan. The opening scene of & # 8216 ; The Withered Arm & # 180 ; was set in a dairy where & # 8220 ; a troop of dairy cattles & # 8221 ; speak about Mr Lodge & # 180 ; s new matrimony. These characters are merely used to put the scene and so present Rhoda. They are unimportant to the narrative as Hardy felt it was more of import to call one of the cattles than to advert the names of the dairy cattles. Rhoda & # 180 ; s boy is chiefly used to depict Gertrude and to reunite Rhoda and Gertrude at the terminal of the narrative. Again, he is non really of import as he is non given a name. Conjurer Trendle, the immature adult male outside the gaol and Davies the hangman are used to go on the secret plan. Mr Lodge is reasonably of import as he is the connexion between Rhoda and Gertrude and he is instrumental in Gertrude & # 180 ; s unhappiness and withdrawal. I besides think that Hardy uses Mr Lodge to demo his disgust at people like Mr Lodge. Mr Lodge ignores his boy and his ex-wife, Rhoda. Rhoda works in his dairy as he remarries a younger, more beautiful married woman. In & # 8216 ; The Withered Arm & # 180 ; , Hardy changes the chief character from Rhoda to Gertrude. Their relationship develops and alterations rather easy. At the beginning, Rhoda hates Gertrude, but as they see each other more frequently they become good friends. At the terminal, Rhoda hates Gertrude once more.
Devils and Hardy use scenes for a assortment of grounds and in a assortment of different ways. Dickens sets & # 8216 ; The Signalman & # 180 ; in one location, the railroad film editing. He uses the scene to arouse our feelings and besides calls the signal box a & # 8220 ; keep & # 8221 ; . This makes us experience sorry for the alone signalman as he has a hapless criterion of life. Hardy sets the narrative in a assortment of scenes as the secret plan follows Gertrude & # 180 ; s journey while she tries to bring around her unattractive and useless arm. The scenes reflect the feelings and state of affairss of the characters. For case, & # 8216 ; The Withered Arm & # 180 ; is set in a little small town and big empty Fieldss. These scenes are isolated like some of the characters.
Another difference between the two writers & # 180 ; literary manners is Dickens & # 180 ; usage of brackets and rhetorical inquiries. Dickens puts some text in brackets to further explicate the secret plan and his sentiments. He besides asks rhetorical inquiries. This involves us in the narrative as he efficaciously asks us to reply the inquiries in our ain caput and believe about what we have read. There are both similarities and differences between the literary manners of Dickens and Hardy, but overall there are more differences than similarities. The narratives have similar subjects and both writers use characters to convey their feelings about certain issues, particularly loneliness and isolation. But, many differences between the two narratives and the two writers emerge and can be clearly identified. Chiefly, Dickens and Hardy make usage of characters, relationships, duologue, scenes, clip spans and narrative manners in really different ways. They are different writers with similar ethical motives and have their ain unique manners and techniques.