Title: Animal Farm
Author: George Orwell
The story takes place in South England on a Manor Farm owned by Mr. Jones that was overthrown and renamed Animal Farm. I feel that the setting entirely changes along with the name of the farm. M
Old Major – An old boar that dreams of a better life and incites the animals to overthrow man. He is the inspiring force behind the Rebellion and founding of Animal Farm.
Snowball – A young, intelligent, persuasive, and important boar known for his oratory skills. He is expelled by Napoleon.
Napoleon – An ambitious, power-hungry, ruthless and eminent boar who
stoops to any level to gain his goal.
Boxer – A big, powerful, honest, and devoted carthorse who does not have
many brains but always comes forward whenever any hand work is needed.
Clover – A motherly mare who is truly concerned about the welfare of the
animals. She has a good shoulder to cry on and is a source of strength and
confidence, especially to Boxer.
Benjamin – A cynical, skeptical donkey who believes everything remains the
same with nothing ever changing.
Moses – A timid raven who entertains the animals with tales of ‘a land of
promises and better life on Sugarcandy Mountain.’
Mollie – A vain, unconcerned frivolous mare caring only for her own finery,
pleasure, and comforts.
Squealer – A pig who is Napoleon’s henchman and a very effective
Jones – The irresponsible farm-owner who is overthrown by the animals.
Frederick – A tough, shrewd businessman involved in lawsuits and the owner a small but well kept farm.
Pilkington – An easy-going gentleman farmer who wastes most of his time in
fishing and hunting.
Whymper – A not-so important solicitor who acts as a medium between
humans and animals (especially Napoleon
Protagonist: The protagonist is the group of common animals searching for a
utopian world and largely represented by characters like Old Major and
Snowball and supported by the ‘proletariat’.
Antagonist: The antagonist is the combination of all the forces acting against
such an idealistic world, largely represented by the power-hungry Napoleon
and his henchman, Squealer.
Climax: The ultimate climax is reached when Napoleon changes Animal
Farm into a republic and elects himself President, assuring the maintenance of
his seized power. The result of Napoleon’s victory over the masses is that the
pigs start walking on their hind legs and acting totally like humans. It is an
indication that Animal Farm has really returned to the status of Manor Farm.
Summary: The novel Animal Farm explains the points of a utopia and an anti-utopia as well as facts on communism and dictatorship. Old Major, a prize-winning pig on Animal Farm, discusses his dream of an ultimate society where everyone is equal. A rebellion occurs after the death of Old Major, and Animal Farm reigns over Manor Farm, the previous name for the place where the animals were slaved. Snowball, a pig who truly wants to contribute to Old Majors dream, has the idea of a windmill that will make Animal Farm an even better place to live. Napoleon, a corrupt leader who has no intention to better Animal Farm, uses dogs to chase and kill Snowball on the day of a vote between the two. Squealer, a sly talking sidekick of Napoleon, changes the seven commandments around every time the pigs need to change a rule to better the conditions for themselves and not to Animal Farm. Humanity was despised, or so it seemed; now, Napoleon and his other fellow pigs were dressed as humans as well as walked on two legs instead of four. Animal Farm doesnt seem to be the utopia promised by Old Major, but with Snowball gone and Napoleon in charge, no one would dare challenge his power.
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