Baseball and the Illegal Use of Steroids: Penalties Should Increase

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Baseball and the Illegal Use of Steroids: Penalties Should Increase

Jean Vasquez

Profesor Lewis

English 102

Baseball and the Illegal Use of Steroids: Penalties Should Increase

The use of steroids in baseball has tarnish what was once America’s Favorite pastime. For the past sixteenth years many athletes have been linked to using performing enhancing drugs in the Major League Baseball. Famous athletes including Barry Bonds, Mark McGwire, Sammy Sosa, Alex Rodriguez, Rafael Palmeiro, Roger Clemens and many others have been link to the use of PEDS. Many of these players have broken remarkable records, but to many they are consider cheaters. Furthermore, baseball players have been penalized by the Major League Baseball and The baseball writers have also discipline these players by not allowing them into the Baseball Hall Of Fame. PEDs provide athletes with an advantage over the rest of the players in the league that are not using any form of drug to perform better and that is not fair. However, there are many health risks that come with abusing PEDs, which many players seem to either not know about or simply just not care about. The use of steroids has been in the MLB banned list since 1991, but the league did not started testing their players until 2003 (The Steroid Era). Since then the Major League Baseball has implemented different penalties and punishments to the users to the present day. Currently, I believe that penalties should increase for baseball steroids users because the health risks are far too dangerous and the use steroids are an advantage to the user, penalties for the steroids users are still lenient and are in need of a great change for the best of game.

Steroids or “Anabolic-androgenic steroids” is a synthetic substance that is associated to the male sex hormones or testosterone. They are known to further growth of skeletal muscle and the sexual characteristics of both the males and females. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse Anabolic steroids were developed in the late 1930s primarily to treat hypogonadism, a condition in which the testes do not produce sufficient testosterone for normal growth, development, and sexual functioning. The primary medical uses of these compounds are to treat delayed puberty, some types of impotence, and wasting of the body caused by HIV infection or other diseases (“What Are Anabolic Steroids”).

It is beyond important to be thoroughly educated on the health risk of steroids before a baseball player decides to use these drugs. As the results can be a life changing or worst yet, life threatening to the user. The risks of steroid use has a variety of possible side effects. These effects can differ depending on the PEDs user, as the effects vary from male to female and adolescents to adults.

Some of the side effects that comes from the use of steroids includes liver, skin, and infections problems. In the liver the use of steroids can cause cancer, peliosis hepatitis and tumors. As in the skin it cause severe acne, oily scalp, jaundice and fluid retention. Furthermore, the infections include HIV/AIDS and hepatitis. Other more concerning effects of steroid use is that it affects one of the most valuable system in the human body, the cardiovascular system or the heart.

According to the National Institute on Drugs “Steroid abuse has been associated with cardiovascular diseases (CVD), including heart attacks and strokes, even in athletes younger than 30”. Also, the steroid use contributes to the development of a cardiovascular, because it changes the levels of lipoproteins that carry cholesterol in the blood. In addition, “Steroids, particularly oral steroids, increase the level of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and decrease the level of high-density lipoprotein (HDL). High LDL and low HDL levels increase the risk of atherosclerosis, a condition in which fatty substances are deposited inside arteries and disrupt blood flow. If blood is prevented from reaching the heart, the result can be a heart attack. If blood is prevented from reaching the brain, the result can be a stroke…” (What Are The Health Consequences Of Steroid Abuse).I personally believe that not one single baseball player should ever consider using PEDs or steroids, as it is not safe and it can simply put his professional career and life at risk.