Caesar Essay Research Paper In history it
Caesar Essay, Research Paper
In history it is rare to happen genuinely great leading, but every one time in a piece person comes along so magnetic that even his enemies can non but admire him. Rome in the first century B.C. was full with solons, generals and leaders who to this twenty-four hours are remembered as being among the greatest and most fascinating that of all time lived. But there is no uncertainty as to the most memorable of these. Gaius Julius Caesar lived from 100 to 44 B.C. and though his life began and ended with Rome beset by internal discord and the menace of civil war, he did more than anyone to consolidate the power of Rome and ease the rise of the Roman imperium. It is true that the political and societal clime of Rome had been altering quickly for two hundred old ages before Caesar, but it is a moot point whether Rome would hold proceeded towards monarchy without Caesar. The of import thing is that he did unrecorded and reshape the Roman universe ; the life of Caesar was the accelerator for four centuries of the most extended and influential imperium in human history.
Aside from his legendary military art, shrewd political head, oratorical and literary glare, repute for even handedness and demagogic entreaty, portion of what fascinates us even today about Caesar is that his blackwash in 44 B.C. by a group of short sighted senators left a feeling of inconclusiveness to the narrative of Caesar. Was his ultimate end a monarchy or did he merely wish to drastically reform Rome to guarantee control of its conquerings? Did he truly draw a bead on to suppress the whole Earth as Alexander had? What would he hold accomplished in the old ages after 44 B.C. ? What he did pull off to carry through was extraordinary. In his conquerings as a general Plutarch ranks him as the greatest in the history of Rome. His domestic reforms were no less outstanding and included the reformation of the calendar, the restructuring of public assistance and nose count systems, increasing the figure of senators and elected functionaries, appraisal of debts at a pre-war rate to fulfill both debitors and creditors, and the beginning of public plants such as temples and theatres. In war or peace, ? his ability to procure the fondness of his work forces and to acquire the best out of them was singular? ( Plutarch, 259 ) . Suetonius describes him heroically as? a most adept fencer and equestrian with surprising powers of endurance & # 8230 ; It is a debatable point which was the more singular when he went to war: his cautiousness or his dare? ( 41 ) .
This is a outstanding feature of Caesar: there were many sides to him. He could excuse some of his most acrimonious political enemies and grant grades of liberty to conquered people, but at the same clip he could crucify a set of plagiarists who one time captured him, disassociate his married woman on questionable evidences, and brazenly flash his power as dictator before covetous and fearful senators. ? In his disposal of justness he was both painstaking and terrible & # 8230 ; ? ( Suentonius, 33 ) .Though he was temperate with respects to imbibe, he was among the most licentious of all Romans in his love personal businesss. H
vitamin E refused the crown Mark Antony offered him but he daily centralized more power to his name as dictator. Caesar was in more ways than one, ? every adult female? s adult male and every adult male? s adult female? ( Suetonius, 37 ) . So vivacious and powerful was he that for the few old ages of his absolutism, he was the authorities itself, with the consent of the people. He was Rome.
Though his decease dramatis personae Rome into greater political turbulence, Caesar? s illustriousness as a leader made possible the ultimate colony of the struggle and the people? s credence of a monarchy. He made Rome acknowledge that she had grown excessively big to be ruled by a cumbersome, outdated Republic. An imperium must be ruled by an emperor, non a senate. Caesar? s? reforms and concern for more efficient authorities foreshadowed the best purposes of later swayers? ( Hooper, 295 ) . Even though the phase had been set for? revolution? by work forces like the Gracchi, Marius and Sulla, Pompey, Lucullus and Crassus, it was Caesar who brought the act to fulfillment and at his decease transformed the Roman universe. Ultimately, though, he was excessively great of a leader. His vision was so far beyond that of his coevalss that it was impossible for them to understand him. As Hooper notes, ? like a instructor he seemed ever to be directing personal businesss in a universe of kids, yet excessively far above them all to care about aching any. To less talented work forces nevertheless, his distance, even if mixed with kindness, was thought to be sponsoring. They could non believe that in his bosom he truly cared about them. Caesar ne’er bothered to inquire for another adult male? s sentiment? ( 297 ) . He was like a fictional character, excessively good to be true. Plutarch possibly sums it up best: ? Caesar was born to make great things and to seek invariably for differentiation. His many successes & # 8230 ; merely served to inflame in him fresh assurance for the hereafter, make fulling his head with undertakings of still greater actions and with a passion for new glorification, as though he had run through his stock of the old. His feelings can be best described by stating he was viing with himself, as though he were person else, and was fighting to do the hereafter excel the yesteryear? ( 298 ) . There was no 1 who could vie with Caesar as a leader of work forces.
It is hard to name a adult male a transformational leader when his life began and ended with his state in pandemonium, but for this adult male there can be no uncertainty that his life everlastingly transformed the history of his people. He was so born at the right clip in Roman history, but we can non impute his success to this entirely. Does history do the adult male or does adult male do history? This does non count. History happens and work forces play a portion in it whether they are the audience or the histrions, whether a marionette or the manus that guides it. Caesar would hold scoffed at such idle guess and continued doing history.
1. Suetonius, The Twelve Caesars. New York: Penguin Books, 1979.
2. Plutarch, The Fall of the Roman Republic. New York: Penguin Books, 1972.
3. Hooper, Finley A. , Roman Realities. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1979