Chemistry: Reaction With Sugar
The variable that was used in our experiment was common sugar. The process of spearation is refining. The natural sugar stored in the cane stalk or beetroot is separated from the rest of the plant material.
Sugar cane is refined by the following process: a) pressing the cane to extract the juice; b) boiling the juice until it begins to thicken and sugar begins to crystallize; c) spinning the crystals in a centrifuge to remove the syrup, producing raw sugar; d) shipping the raw sugar to a refinery where it is washed and filtered to remove remaining non-sugar ingredients and color; and e) crystallizing, drying and packaging the refined sugar.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) reports disappearance figures for sweeteners. They estimate that annually, about 67 pounds of sugar (cane and beet); 85 pounds of corn sweeteners; and 1 pound of other sweeteners (honey, maple syrup) per capita were delivered into the food supply. In its report, the Food and Drug Administration estimated U.S. average daily intake of added sugars at 11% of total calories ”current levels of sweetener consumption do not constitute ‘overconsumption,’ says the Food and Drug Administration. Americans are not consuming an overabundance of sugar..