Chapter One is divided into five parts: ( 1 ) Background and Theoretical Framework of the Study. ( 2 ) Statement of the Problem and Hypothesis. ( 3 ) Significance of the Study. ( 4 ) Definition of Footings. and ( 5 ) Boundary line of the Study. Part One. Background and Theoretical Framework of the Study. presents the principle and the ground why the survey is being conducted. Likewise. it describes the theoretical footing of the survey and every bit good as the conceptual model. Part Two. Statement of the Problem and Hypothesis. describes the intent in carry oning the survey and enumerates the specific aims of the survey. It specifies the hypothesis to be tested in the survey. Part Three. Significance of the Study. specifies the donees and the benefits they can deduce from the findings of the survey. Part Four. Definition of Footings. list alphabetically and specify footings for the intents of lucidity and apprehension. The footings are defined both conceptually and operationally. Part Five. Boundary line of the Study. identifies the coverage of the survey in footings of intent. variables. topics. research design. research instruments used. and statistical tools.
Background and Theoretical Framework of the Study
Dengue febrility is a serious and infective disease spread by certain mosquitoes. It is really common today and people do non even cognize how to forestall it. This disease is really lifelessly. This survey is anchored in Morel’s theory saying that the demand for a thorough apprehension of behaviours related to direction of the larval home grounds of the chief dandy fever vector. every bit good as treatment-seeking behaviour. are really important. Dengue is a disease caused by a virus. It can be acquired if an septic mosquito bites a individual. It is common in warm. wet countries in the universe. Outbreaks occur in the rainy season. Dengue is really common in warm countries. Symptoms include high febrility. concerns. articulation and musculus hurting. emesis. and a roseola. Most people with dengue recover with in two hebdomads. Until so. imbibing tonss of fluids. resting. and taking non-aspirin febrility cut downing medical specialties might assist.
Sometimes dengue bends into dandy fever hemorrhagic febrility. which causes shed blooding from your olfactory organ. gums or under your tegument. It can besides go dengue daze syndrome. which causes monolithic hemorrhage and daze. These signifiers of dandy fever are dangerous ( National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. 2007 ) . WHO stated that the load of dandy fever has grown dramatically in recent decennaries. and it is presently classified as an emerging or re-emerging infective disease. Dengue febrility and dandy fever hemorrhagic febrility or dandy fever daze syndrome occur in over 100 states. with more than 2. 5 billion people at hazard and an estimated 50 million infections per twelvemonth ( World Health Organization. 2002 ) .
Figure 1. Factors impacting the cognition and preventative patterns towards dengue febrility among high school pupils.
Statement of the Problem and Hypothesis
This survey aimed to find the cognition and preventative patterns toward dengue febrility among Dumalag Central National High School pupils. Specifically. this survey seeks replies to the undermentioned inquiries: 1. What is the degree of cognition of high school pupils toward dandy fever febrility? 2. What are the preventative patterns of high school pupils toward dandy fever febrility? 3. Is there a important difference in the cognition towards dengue febrility of pupils when grouped harmonizing to age. gender. twelvemonth degree. and socio-economic position? 4. Is there a important difference in the preventative patterns towards dengue febrility of pupils when grouped harmonizing to age. gender. twelvemonth degree. and socio-economic position? 5. Is there a important relationship between the cognition and preventative patterns of pupils towards dandy fever febrility?
In the position of the predating jobs. the undermentioned hypotheses were formulated: 1. There is no important difference in the cognition towards dengue febrility of pupils when grouped harmonizing to age. gender. twelvemonth degree. and socio-economic position. 2. There is no important difference in the preventative patterns towards dengue febrility of pupils when grouped harmonizing to age. gender. twelvemonth degree. and socio-economic position. 3. There is no important relationship between the cognition and preventative patterns toward dengue febrility among high school pupils.
Significance of the Study
The findings of the survey were of importance to the Department of Health. public and private principals. medical physicians. Local Government Units. and future research workers. The consequence of the survey yielded important information on the cognition and preventative patterns towards dengue fever. Department of Health may profit from the consequences of the survey by utilizing this survey as a footing of information for an analysis in a certain country. Public and private principals may profit from this survey for its important consequences may alarm them for such unwellness. The principals may enforce plans that would forestall dandy fever from impacting their pupils and their module. Medical physicians may profit from this survey when they will be holding a high school pupil as a patient affected by dandy fever febrility. The consequence will inform them about the cause of dandy fever and the student’s cognition and preventative patterns towards this deathly unwellness. Local Government Units may besides profit from this survey for they will cognize what preventative patterns are done by high school pupils in their country. They could urge their occupants in protecting themselves from this harmful disease. Future research workers may profit from this survey by doing it a usher and a mention for similar surveies in the hereafter.
Definition of Footings
For the intent of lucidity and better apprehension. the undermentioned footings were defined conceptually and operationally: Dengue Fever is an acute infective disease caused by a virus and transmitted by the bite of the Aedes mosquito ; it is besides known as interruption bone febrility and bone-crusher disease. The disease occurs in both epidemic and sporadic signifier in warm climes ( Brueschke. 1988 ) . In this survey. dandy fever febrility was the chief subject where the research worker measured the cognition and preventative patterns of high school pupils. Knowledge is the accrued facts. truths. rules. and information to which the homo head has entree ( Good. 1959 ) .
In this survey. cognition refers to the things that the pupils know about dandy fever febrility. Preventive Practices are actions taken to individual against any possible injury or problem ( Twyford. 2003 ) . In this survey. preventative patterns referred to the actions evaluated to protect oneself against the harmful disease. which is the dandy fever febrility. Student is one who attends an educational establishment of secondary or higher degrees ( Good. 1959 ) . In this survey. the Dumalag Central National High School pupils represented as respondents of the survey.
Boundary line of the Study
The aim of this survey was to find the cognition and preventative patterns towards dengue febrility among Dumalag Central National High School pupils. The topics of this survey were the 212 high school pupils of Dumalag Central National High School. This survey was conducted on December 2008. This survey focused on the age. gender. twelvemonth degree. and socio-economic position as the independent variables ; and knowledge and preventative patterns as the dependent variables. The information needed for this probe were gathered through the usage of a researcher-made questionnaire- Knowledge Questionnaire and Preventive Practices Questionnaire. To depict the informations that were gathered. the mean and standard divergence were usage for descriptive analysis. For illative analysis. t-test and One-way ANOVA were use. The degree of significance was set at 0. 05. All statistical calculations were computer-process utilizing the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences ( SPSS ) Software.
Review of Related Literatures
Chapter Two includes seven parts: ( 1 ) Knowledge and Practices Sing
Dengue Fever. ( 2 ) Mosquitoes. ( 3 ) Epidemiology of Dengue Fever. ( 4 ) Prevention of the Disease. and ( 5 ) Signs and Symptoms.
Knowledge and Practices Regarding Dengue Fever in Thailand
Although the degree of dandy fever cognition was high in Kamphaeng Phet Province. Thailand. we found merely small grounds that this cognition was put into pattern. Merely cognition of preventative steps had a important and good consequence on container protection pattern. Conversely. better container direction pattern did hold a considerable impact on Aedes aegypti populations. Measures that prevent mosquitoes from developing in water-holding containers. such as adding anti-mosquito repellents to containers. covering containers. and/or puting larvivorous fish in containers. were effectual in cut downing Aedis aegypti pupae. One should maintain in head that the most effectual control step should be compatible with H2O usage patterns. Larval control steps besides had a considerable impact on the grownup populations. whereas preventative steps against grownup mosquitoes had no consequence or seemed to hold effects opposite of what was desired ( Tuiten et. Al. 2006 ) .
Compared with surveies in other parts of Thailand. cognition of dengue disease symptoms was somewhat lower. Particularly the dandy fever specific symptoms of bleeding/rash. which were mentioned by merely 29 % compared with 77 % in Chiang Mai Province and 48 % in Mae Sot. This could bespeak that people are non ever able to separate dengue infection from other diseases. Knowledge of Ae. aegypti development sites was comparable to or somewhat higher than in other Thai surveies. Interestingly. in our survey coconut shells were mentioned by approximately half of the respondents as of import beginning for mosquito genteelness. whereas they merely accounted for 0. 2 % of engendering containers in the entomologic study. This may be explained by the fact that coconut shells received comparatively much attending in recent instruction runs in Kamphaeng Phet Province. Knowledge of steps to forestall dandy fever was similar compared with the other Thai surveies ( Tuiten et. Al. 2006 ) . Previous surveies have reported at odds consequences sing the effects of cognition on dandy fever bar patterns. Some surveies have shown that dandy fever cognition was associated with an increased usage of preventative steps against the disease and a decreased figure of development sites for vector larvae.
Other surveies found a important decrease in the Aedes aegypti infestation index after community-based bar runs. Consistent with our consequences. nevertheless. were surveies in Puerto Rico. Brazil. and Trinidad en Tobago that found little or no correlativity between cognition of dandy fever and degrees of Aedes aegypti copiousness as measured by larval studies ( Tuiten et. Al. 2006 ) . Previous research workers measured cognition of dandy fever in assorted ways. Some determine cognition of dandy fever by cognition of the disease. whereas others included cognition of the vector and control steps. A few research workers used a mark to mensurate overall dandy fever cognition. We used both methods in our survey. An overall dandy fever cognition mark was calculated to utilize as an independent variable in ordinal arrested development and as a dependant variable in our additive theoretical accounts. Knowledge of symptoms. development sites. and preventative steps were included as independent variables in our statistical analyses. In this manner. we obtained a robust image of the assorted dealingss between cognition. patterns. and vector populations ( Tuiten et. Al. 2006 ) .