Disaster Readiness and Risk Reduction

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Disaster Readiness and Risk Reduction

Disaster Readiness and Risk Reduction

Disaster

  • A serious disruption of the functioning of a community or a society causing widespread human, material, economic or a environmental losses, which exceed the ability of the affected community or society to cope, using its own resources.

Hazard

  • A hazard is situation or a occurrence with capacity to bring damages to lives, properties, and the environment.
  • UNISDR (2004), a potentially damaging physical event or phenomenon or human activity that may cause the loss of life or injury, property damage, social and economic disruption or environmental degradation.
  • Hydro-meteorological
  • Cyclone        – storm surge
  • Typhoons        – landslide
  • Thunderstorm
  • Flood
  • El nino and La nina
  • Geological
  • Earthquake
  • Tsunami
  • Volcanic eruptions
  • Sink holes
  • Human Induced Hazard
  • Technological
  • Environmental
  • Socioeconomic, political, security.

Types of Hazard

  1. Natural Hazard – natural phenomena that pose threats or cause negative impacts to people and property.
  1. Human Made – human made hazards include civil conflict, displacement due to development projects and etc.
  1. Combination or Socio-natural Hazards – flooding and drought can fall under this category if these are due to deforestation.

Vulnerability

  • A set of prevailing or consequential conditions, affect the community’s ability to prevent, mitigate prepare for and respond to hazardous events.

Vulnerable Sectors

  • Most Vulnerable

– capacities are low and not sufficient to withstand                 and overcome the damaging and adhere effects of                 disasters.

– farmers,urban poor, laborers, indigenous people,                 PWD’s, women and children.

– abused sector.

  • Less Vulnerable

– capacities start from their own ability to acquire         material resources.

– professionals, small entrepreneurs, and other         similar to higher levels of society.

  • Not Vulnerable

– high position in the community

– policies implemented by the government that are                 root cause of vulnerability.

        

Categories of Vulnerabilities

– Anderson and Woodrow (1990), there are three         areas of vulnerability.

  • Physical/ Material Vulnerability

– location and type of housing/building materials

– land, water, animals, capital, other means of                 production

–  infrastructure and services; roads, health         facilities, schools, electricity, communication,         transport, housing etc.