Economic Consequences Of WW1 And Reparations Essay

, Research Paper

There was a monolithic direct cost to all states involved in WWI The chance cost of all the resources used to destructive terminals There was a alteration in the fiscal centre of the universe ( from Europe and G.B. to the USA ) since European states became debtor states A autumn in European life criterions ( European states had to cut down on imports ) Increase in USA & # 8217 ; s economic strength Decrease in international trade ( deficiency of a stable currency ) Worldwide markets shrunk Established trade forms were disrupted Intense hatred between the two sides meant that is was ( in the short term ) impossible to restore old trading forms. Few saw beyond the short term, hence most politicians sought retaliation, and non the recovery of the defeated provinces ( this was besides the consequence of popular sentiment ) The Reparations Problem: Division amongst the Alliess on this subject The Germans did non believe such reparations could of all time be paid ( particularly with its post-war losingss ) Countries relied on reparations to finance Reconstruction and the delaying of reparation payments meant the delaying of the Reconstruction procedure Major Developments 1921-1933 Genoa Conference ( 1922 ) & # 8212 ; universe economic conference Prosperity could merely be restored if recovery programs included all states ( inter dependance of states ) The conference failed The USA refused to go to French did non acknowledge the Russians/Germans Germans & A ; Russians had a revolution of their ain The business of the Ruhr ( 1923 ) German workers refused to collaborate The Gallic and the Belgian intervened but the cost of intercession outweighed any benefits made by the ictus of German goods. The German Economy collapsed & # 8212 ; there was high

inflation & it was unable to pay reparations There was social unrest in Germany (led to the rise of movements like the fascists) however, a coup led by Hitler and General Ludendorff failed Britain refused to support France/Belgium The Dawes Plan (1924) End of occupation of the Ruhr Two year moratorium of German reparation payments International loan for Germany Introduction of an annuity basis on reparations Financial controls imposed on Germany The Young Plan (1929) The total sum owed by Germany was cut down by 25% Annual payments fixed to run until 1966 In the event of financial difficulties a part of the payment could be deferred for up to two years 1/3 of payments could be made in kind International controls (established by Dawes Plan) were abolished Bank for International Settlements established International loan made to Germany ($200 million) October 1929: Wall Street Crash 1931: Germany stops reparation payments 1932: Lausanne conference: fixed reparation payments very low 1933: Hitler became chancellor Evaluation of Reparations: Could Germany afford them? Keynes criticized reparations. He later admited he might have underestimated Germany’s ability to pay reparations. Some argued that there was a lack of will in Germany to pay for reparations Some argue that Hitler spent more on rearmement (in a short time) then the total revised reparations payments How much did Germany actually pay? Estimations point to $9 billion but she receive $8 billion in loans Reparation payments did little to help the recovery of the allies Reparations contributed to inter-war period tensions Britain and France linked war debts and reparations and refused to pay war debts until reparations were paid to them

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