Filipino Women Writers and Jose Garcia Villa Essay
Estrella D. Alfon ( July 18. 1917 – December 28. 1983 ) was a well-known prolific Filipina writer who wrote in English. Because of continued hapless wellness. she could pull off merely an A. A. grade from the University of the Philippines. She so became a member of the U. P. authors nine and earned and was given the privileged station of National Fellowship in Fiction station at the U. P. Creative Writing Center. She died in the twelvemonth 1983 at the age of 66. Estrella Alfon was born in Cebu City in 1917. Unlike other authors of her clip. she did non come from the clerisy.
Her parents were tradesmans in Cebu. [ 1 ] She attended college. and studied medical specialty. When she was erroneously diagnosed with TB and sent to a sanatorium. she resigned from her pre-medical instruction. and left with an Associate of Arts grade. Alfon has several kids: Alan Rivera. Esmeralda “Mimi” Rivera. Brian Alfon. Estrella “Twinkie” Alfon. and Rita “Daday” Alfon ( deceased ) . She has 10 grandchildren. Her youngest girl. was a air hostess for Saudi Arabian Airlines. and was portion of the Flight 163 crew on August 19. 1980. when an in-flight fire forced the aircraft to set down in Riyadh.
A delayed emptying resulted in the decease of everyone aboard the flight. Alfon died on December 28. 1983. following a bosom onslaught suffered on-stage during Awards dark of the Manila Film Festival. Professional She was a pupil in Cebu when she foremost published her short narratives. in periodicals such as Graphic Weekly Magazine. Philippine Magazine. and the Sunday Tribune. She was a storywriter. dramatist. and journalist. In malice of being a proud Cebuana. she wrote about entirely in English. She published her first narrative. “Grey Confetti” . in the Graphic in 1935.
She was the lone female member of the Veronicans. an avant garde group of authors in the 1930s led by Francisco Arcellana and H. R. Ocampo. she was besides regarded as their Muse. The Veronicans are recognized as the first group of Filipino authors to compose about entirely in English and were formed prior to the World War II. She is besides reportedly the most fecund Filipina author prior to World War II. She was a regular subscriber to Manila-based national magazines. she had several narratives cited in Jose Garcia Villa’s one-year award axial rotations.
Alfon was one author who shamelessly drew from her ain real-life experiences. In some narratives. the first-person storyteller is “Estrella” or “Esther. ” She is non merely a author. but one who consciously refers to her act of composing the narratives. In other narratives. Alfon is still easy identifiable in her first-person reminiscences of the yesteryear: emptying during the Nipponese business ; alienation from a hubby ; life after the war. In the Espeleta narratives. Alfon uses the column “we” to bespeak that as a member of that community. she portions their feelings and responses towards the incidents in the narrative.
But she sometimes slips back to being a first-person storyteller. The feeling is that although she portions the sentiments of her neighbours. she is still a distinguishable personality who detaches herself from the scene in order to understand it better. This device of dividing herself as storyteller from the other characters is contained within the larger scheme of? distantiation? that of the author from her strongly autobiographical stuff. – Thelma E. Arambulo| ”| In the 1950s. her short narrative. “Fairy Tale for the City” . was condemned by the Catholic League of the Philippines as being “obscene” .
[ 3 ] She was even brought to tribunal on these charges. While many of her fellow authors did stand by her. many did non. These events hurt her deeply. [ 1 ] In malice of holding merely an A. A. grade. she was finally appointed as a professor of Creative Writing at the University of the Philippines. Manila. She was a member of the U. P. Writers Club. she held the National Fellowship in Fiction station at the U. P. Creative Writing Center in 1979. [ 5 ] She would besides function on the Philippine Board of Tourism in the seventiess. Narratives * Magnificence and Other Narratives ( 1960 )
* Narratives of Estrella Alfon ( 1994 ) ( published posthumously ) * Servant Girl ( short narrative ) * English Jose Garcia Villa Jose Garcia Villa ( August 5. 1908 – February 7. 1997 ) was a Filipino poet. literary critic. short narrative author. and painter. He was awarded the National Artist of the Philippines rubric for literature in 1973 every bit good as the Guggenheim Fellowship in originative authorship by Conrad Aiken. He is known to hold introduced the “reversed consonant rhyme frost scheme” in composing poesy. every bit good as the extended usage of punctuation marks—especiallycommas. which made him cognize as the Comma Poet.
He used the penname Doveglion ( derived from “Dove. Eagle. Lion” ) . based on the characters he derived from himself. These animate beings were besides explored by another poet e. e. Edward Estlin Cummingss in Doveglion. Adventures in Value. a verse form dedicated to Villa. Villa was born on August 5. 1908. in Manila’s Singalong territory. His parents were Simeon Villa ( a personal doctor of Emilio Aguinaldo. the founding President of the First Philippine Republic ) and Guia Garcia ( a wealthy landholder ) . He graduated from the University of the Philippines Integrated School and the University of the Philippines High School in 1925.
Villa enrolled on a Pre-Medical class in the University of the Philippines. but so switched to Pre-Law class. However. he realized that his true passion was in the humanistic disciplines. Villa foremost tried picture. but so turned into originative authorship after reading Winesburg. Ohio by Sherwood Anderson. Writing calling Villa’s tart poetic manner was considered excessively aggressive at that clip. In 1929 he published Man Songs. a series of titillating verse forms. which the decision makers in UP found excessively bold and was even fined Philippine peso for lewdness by the Manila Court of First Instance.
In that same twelvemonth. Villa won Best Story of the Year from Philippine Free Press magazine for Mir-I-Nisa. He besides received P1. 000 choice money. which he used to migrate to the United States. He enrolled at the University of New Mexico. wherein he was one of the laminitiss of Clay. a Roneo literary magazine. He graduated with a Bachelor of Arts grade. and pursued post-graduate work at Columbia University. Villa had bit by bit caught the attending of the country’s literary circles. one of the few Asians to make so at that clip.
After the publication of Footnote to Youth in 1933. Villa switched from composing prose to poetry. and published merely a smattering of plants until 1942. During the release of Have Come. Am Here in 1942. he introduced a new rhyming strategy called “reversed consonance” wherein. harmonizing to Villa: “The last sounded consonants of the last syllable. or the last chief consonant of a word. are reversed for the corresponding rime. Thus. a rime for near would be run ; or rain. green. reign. ” In 1949. Villa presented a poetic manner he called “comma poems” . wherein commas are placed after every word.
In the foreword of Volume Two. he wrote: “The commas are an built-in and indispensable portion of the medium: modulating the poem’s verbal denseness and clip motion: enabling each word to achieve a Fuller tonic value. and the line motion to go more steps. Villa worked as an associate editor for New Directions Publishing in New York City between 1949 to 1951. and so became manager of poesy workshop at City College of New York from 1952 to 1960. He so left the literary scene and concentrated on instruction. first lecture in The New School.
The New School for Social Research from 1964 to 1973. every bit good as carry oning poesy workshops in his flat. Villa was besides a cultural attache to the Philippine Mission to the United Nations from 1952 to 1963. and an advisor on cultural personal businesss to the President of the Philippines get downing 1968. Death On February 5. 1997. at the age of 88. Jose was found in a coma in his New York flat and was rushed to St. Vincent Hospital in the Greenwich country. His decease two yearss subsequently was attributed to “cerebral shot and multilobar pneumonia” .
He was buried on February 10 in St. John’s Cemetery in New York. have oning a Barong Tagalog. Personal In 1946 Villa married Rosemarie Lamb. with whom he has two boies. Randy and Lance. They annulled ten old ages subsequently. He besides has three grandchildren. Works As an editor. Villa foremost published Philippine Short Narratives: Best 25 Short Narratives of 1928 in 1929. an anthology of Filipino short narratives written in English literature English that were largely published in the literary magazine Philippine Free Press for that twelvemonth.
It is the 2nd anthology to hold been published in the Philippines. after Philippine Love Stories by editor Paz Marquez-Benitez in 1927. His first aggregation of short narratives that he has written were published under the rubric Footnote to Youth: Narratives of the Philippines and Others in 1933 ; while in 1939. Villa publishedMany Voices. his first aggregation verse form. followed by Poems by Doveglion in 1941. Other aggregations of verse forms include Have Come. Am Here ( 1942 ) . Volume Two ( 194 in that twelvemonth when he edited.
The Doveglion Book of Philippine Poetry in English from 1910. Three old ages subsequently. he released a followup for The Portable Villa entitled The Essential Villa. Villa. nevertheless. went under “self-exile” after the sixtiess. even though he was nominated for several major literary awards including the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry. This was possibly because of resistances between his formalism ( literature ) formalist manner and the advocators of proletarian literature who misjudged him as a junior-grade businessperson.
Villa merely “resurfaced” in 1993 with an anthology entitled Charlie Chan Is Dead. which was edited by Jessica Hagedorn Several reissues of Villa’s past plants were done. including Appasionata: Poems in Praise of Love in 1979. A Parliament of Giraffes ( a aggregation of Villa’s verse forms for immature readers. with Tagalog linguistic communication Tagalog interlingual rendition provided by Larry Francia ) . and The Anchored Angel: Selected Hagiographas by Villa that was edited by Eileen Tabios with a preface provided by Hagedorn ( both in 1999 ) .
Among his popular verse forms include When I Was No Bigger Than A Huge. an illustration of his “comma poems” . and The Emperor’s New Sonnet ( a portion of Have Come. Am Here ) which is fundamentally a clean sheet of paper. Paz Marquez Benitez She was Born in 1894 in Lucena City. Quezon. Marquez – Benitez authored the first Filipino modern English linguistic communication short narrative. Dead Stars. published in the Philippine Herald in 1925. Born into the outstanding Marquez household of
Quezon state. she was among the first coevals of Filipino people trained in the American instruction system which used English as the medium of direction. She graduated high school in Tayabas High School now. Quezon National High School and college from the University of the Philippines with a Bachelor of Arts grade in 1912. “Marquez”Benitez. She was a member of the first first-year category of the University of the Philippines. graduating with a Bachelor of Arts grade in 1912.
Two old ages after graduation. she married UP College of Education Dean Francisco Benitez with whom she had four kids. Marquez-Benitez subsequently became a instructor at the University of the Philippines. who taught short-story authorship and had become an influential figure to many Filipino authors in the English linguistic communication. such as Loreto Paras-Sulit. Paz M. Latorena Arturo Belleza Rotor. Bienvenido N. Santos and Francisco Arcellana.
The yearly held Paz Marquez-Benitez Lectures in the Philippines awards her memory by concentrating on the part of Filipino adult females authors to Philippine Literature in the English linguistic communication. Though she merely had one more published short narrative after “Dead Stars” entitled “A Night In The Hills” . she made her grade in Filipino literature because her work is considered the first modern Philippine short narrative.
For Marquez-Benitez. authorship was a womb-to-tomb business. In 1919 she founded “Woman’s Home Journal” . the first women’s magazine in the state. Besides in the same twelvemonth. she and other six adult females who were outstanding members of Manila’s societal elites. viz. Clara Aragon. Concepcion Aragon. Francisca Tirona Benitez. Carolina Ocampo Palma. Mercedes Rivera. and Socorro Marquez Zaballero. founded the Philippine Women’s College now Philippine Women’s University.
“Filipino Love Stories” . reportedly the first anthology of Philippine narratives in English by Filipinos. was compiled in 1928 by Marquez-Benitez from the plants of her pupils. When her hubby died in 1951. she took over as editor of the Philippine Journal of Education at UP. She held the column station for over two decennaries. In 1995. her girl. Virginia Benitez-Licuanan wrote her life. “Paz Marquez-Benitez: One Woman’s Life. Letters. and Writings. “