Herodotos

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Herodotos

Born in Halicarnassos someplace
between 490 and 480 BC, Herodotos travelled throughout the Antique World and
visited Egypt extensively at around 450 BC, when the state was under Iranian
domination.

He
retired to Thurii in Italy, where he finished his chief achievement, the
Histories, an history of the states he visited. He died in between 430 and
420 BC.

Herodotos chiefly visited the North
of Egypt, the Delta, where there were some Grecian collonies, and Memphis. Angstrom
elaborate description of Thebes is losing in his histories, which lays uncertainty on
his claim that he travelled as far South as Elephantine ( Aswan ) .

Herodotos ‘ value lies in the fact
that he tried to accurately depict what he saw in Egypt during his travels.
His is the oldest and most extended and comprehensive history of the Ancient
Egyptian civilization.

As a historiographer, nevertheless, Herodotos
is far overcredited. Although he did seek to separate facts from fiction,
when it comes to his H

istorical history of Ancient Egypt, he merely recorded
what he was told. His historical history contains many inaccuracies and what he was told. His historical history contains many inaccuracies and
anecdotes that are likely more the consequence of common people narrative instead than historical anecdotes that are likely more the consequence of common people narrative instead than historical
facts. facts.

As such, his Histories give us a
just penetration into how the Ancient Egyptians viewed their ain history. Therefore he
confirms the Ancient Egyptian tradition which names Menes as their first male monarch. He
besides states that this Menes was the laminitis of the metropolis of Memphis, which is
likely a contemplation of the jingoism of the Memphite priests who were his
chief beginning of information.

He remarks on Kheops ‘ despotic and
barbarous nature, which can besides be found in the narrative recorded on the Westcar
Papyrus, where Kheops orders a captive decapitated merely to see of Djedi the
prestidigitator can mend the victim and convey him back to life.

Despite
his obvious defects, Herodotos has been one of the chief beginnings of
cognition about the Ancient Egyptian civilization and history for centuries.