Adolf Hitler was born on April 20, 1889 in the small town of Branau, Austria. He was the son a Customs official Alois Hitler, and his fathers third wife Klara. As a boy, Adolf attended church regularly. One day he carved a symbol into the bench which resembled the Swastika he later used as the symbol of the Nazi party. He was a good student. He received good marks in most of his classes. However in his last year of school he failed German and Mathematics, and only succeeded in Gym and Drawing. He dropped out of school at the age of 16, spending a total of 10 years in school. From childhood, it was his dream to become an artist or architect. He was not a bad artist. To fulfill his dream, he moved to Vienna, the capital of Austria where the Academy of the Arts was located. He failed the first time he tried to get admission and in the next year, 1907, he tried again and was very sure of success. To his surprise, he failed again. In fact the Dean of the Academy was not very impressed with his performance, and gave him a hard time and said to him, “You will never be painter.” The rejection made him reach a dead end. He could not apply to the school of architecture, as he had no high-school diploma.
While living in Vienna, Hitler made his living by drawing small pictures of famous landmarks, which he sold as post cards. However, he was always poor. He was also a regular reader of a small newspaper that suggested that the Arian race was the superior race. The paper blamed Communists and Jews for all their economic problems and Hitler agreed with those views. He continued to live a poor life in Vienna and in 1913 decided to move to Munich. Being Austrian by birth, Hitler showed more loyalty to the Germany. His life in Munich was not better then before and he continued to be poor. Then in 1914, World War I broke out and Hitler saw this as a great opportunity to show his loyalty to the “fatherland” by volunteering for the German Imperial army. He did not want to fight in the Austrian Army. In 1918, Germany surrendered and Hitler was very upset about the loss. He believed that it was the Jews and the Communists who lost the war for Germany. This was when he started his intense disliking of Jews. With no real Government to control the country, many groups tried to take control. Since he could not get a job, Hitler stayed in the army. Hitler was assigned the job of going to various meetings of groups and to report on them. On September 12, 1919, Hitler was sent to investigate a small group that called itself the, “German Workers Party.” He thought it would not even be worth it to go. At the group they mainly talked about the countries problems and how the Jews, Communists and others where threatening the master race and offered their own solutions. He later joined the German Workers Party and was in charge of propaganda. The party was small at first but Hitler’s great skill with speeches attracted more and more listeners. It soon became a major party. He became the groups leader. Then the German government threw Hitler in jail for trying to overthrow the government.
While spending time in prison, he wrote his famous book, “Mein Kampf,” in which he states that the Jews and Communists were responsible for economic and social problems. Of course, people did not start to support him right away after he wrote the book. He was now the leader of the party which was no longer the Gemans workers Party. It was the Nazis.
After he came into power, the Nazi party took control over every aspect of everyday life. Hitler ordered the creation of a special police force to make sure that all opponents would be eliminated, the Gestapo. They used propaganda against the Jews and other minority groups, which were enemies. Teachers had to belong to the Nazi party. Children were taught that Jews were the source of all their