Imperialism And India Essay Research Paper Imperialism

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Imperialism And India Essay Research Paper Imperialism

Imperialism And India Essay, Research Paper

Imperialism and India

Throughout history, many states have implemented imperialism to implement

their will over others for money, protection and civilisation. India was no

exclusion. Since its find, Europeans were seeking acquire a piece of India & # 8217 ; s

action. In many instances England was the imperial, or mother state. Since India

was put under imperialism, a great trade of things changed, some for the good,

largely though for the bad. Between 1640 and 1949, India was ruled by two

periods of imperialism, both of which effected India in a really profound and

lasting mode.

The first period of European control was between 1740 and 1858. During

this period the British East India Company controlled the Indian sub-continent

under the pretense of economic imperialism, when in fact the use of Indian

personal businesss was much more political than allow on. When it was founded in 1600 by

Queen Elizabeth I, the East India Company & # 8217 ; s chief intent was & # 8220 ; to interrupt into the

Indonesian spice trade which was dominated by the Dutch. & # 8221 ; But after colonising a

station a Madras in 1640, the company was re-chartered to include such rights as

coining money and act as authorities to British topics at the East India

Company & # 8217 ; s stations. As good, the British authorities besides gave the company the

right to do was or peaceable agreements with powers who were non-Christian.

This control expanded with the initiation of a port at Bombay in 1668, and the

initiation of Calcutta in 1690. Then in 1756, a immature employee named Robert Clive,

who had been named lieutenant-governor in 1755, was sent to take back Calcutta

from the Bengal nabob. He accomplished this in January of 1757. Then subsequently

that twelvemonth, Clive lead a group of 950 European and 2,000 Indian soldiers ( sepoys )

against a group of 50,000 Indians lead by a pervert nabob at Plassey. The

triumph of the English forces over the local opposition brought Bengal under the

effectual political control of the East India Company. Although a & # 8220 ; marionette

nawab & # 8221 ; was left in control of the country, Clive was granted the right to pull out

land gross from most of eastern India. Through out this whole period, the

company easy found it & # 8217 ; s privledges being revoked, until in 1858, the Sepoy

Rebellion, or the Indian Revolution, eventually brought an terminal to the regulation of the

East India Company in India when it was revealed the cause of the rebellion was

the usage of beef and porc fat to grease rifle cartridges, which are forbidden to the

Moslems and Hindus. This Revolution brought the regulation of the East India Company

to an terminal.

The 2nd period of English imperialism started in August of 1858 when

the British monarchy assumed direct control of India from the East India

Company. This established a full colonial authorities, where British functionaries

run the states personal businesss, in India. This is known as colonial imperialism.

This period was one of major alteration in Indian life and civilization. While the East

India Company tried respect local imposts and larn local linguistic communications, the

colonial authorities & # 8220 ; tried to enforce British civilization on India. . . encouraged

the Indian people to abandon their traditions and larn to talk, frock and unrecorded

like Europeans. & # 8221 ; This came to a caput in 1877, when Queen Victoria was recognized

as the Empress of India. The colonial authorities

felt it was their responsibility to

educate the people of India, experiencing & # 8220 ; I am a small spot better than you,

hence my presence is necessary. & # 8221 ; This all began to stop in 1885 with the

formation of the Indian National Congress, made up of middle-class Indians who

were known as the Congress. This Congress campaigned for free instruction for

both sexes, more Indian representation in authorities, and other reforms. But

so in the early 1900 & # 8217 ; s, patriots began to reject British regulation and request

for it & # 8217 ; s terminal in India by boycotting British goods and publication books which

& # 8220 ; restored peoples pride in India & # 8217 ; s ancient heritage. & # 8221 ; The nationalist leader,

Mohandas Gandhi, is possibly best known for his method of inactive opposition to

assist the battle of India. Then eventually in 1949, the breakdown of the

British controlled lands into the independent states of Pakistan and India

brought an terminal to English regulation in the Indian subcontinent.

Throughout the regulation of the British in India, the consequence of the colonial

and economic imperialism impacted the sub-continent in the signifier of many economic

and societal alterations. On the economic side, many Indian goods were sold overseas

by the East India Company, but the authorities of England saw India as a big

base for British goods, every bit good as a beginning of natural stuffs. This lead to

British functionaries detering Indian industry, every bit good as promoting the

production of export harvests instead than nutrient harvests. In this manner cotton was

produced in India, processed in England, and thin sold back to the Indians.

This alteration in nutrient supplies killed 1000000s of Indians from dearth in the

1800 & # 8217 ; s. Then when the British authorities took direct control, the building

of railroads, canals, and roads, particularly the gap of the Suez canal in 1869

opened the inside of India for trade throughout Europe and Asia. With the

building of the telegraph lines in India, exports from India jumped

enormously. However, all of the net income went to the colonialists, immersing

most Indians into poorness. The societal alterations included the debut of

wellness attention and infirmaries, which, while bring arounding diseases and bettering the

general wellness of Indians, created such a enormous population detonation that

dearth resulted in some parts. As good, the creative activity of British educated

professionals and concern people created a new upper-class in India altering

the regulation of category in India forever. All of these alterations, while under the pretense

of assisting the indigens, merely served to assist the settlers and leave the Indians

experiencing inferior, as though Indians are merely & # 8220 ; hewers of wood, and shortss of

H2O & # 8221 ;

All of these alterations in Indian civilization and economic system everlastingly changed the

fate of the Land of India. While many alterations may hold been good in

retrospect, they were merely meant to assist the colonising British. Overall, the

colonisation of India had nil but a negative consequence on its people and

civilization. Possibly one twenty-four hours people will recognize that enforcing one civilization on

another is non merely incorrect, but it is destructive to the natural class of a

states history.

Bibliography

& # 8220 ; India & # 8221 ; Groiler Electronic Encyclopedia, 1994

& # 8220 ; India & # 8221 ; article found on Internet, 1996

& # 8220 ; India, a history of, & # 8221 ; Groiler New Book of Knowledge, 1979

In category address by Mr. Seqera, 1996