JFK And The Warren Commission Essay Research
JFK And The Warren Commission Essay, Research Paper
Why did the Warren Commission make up one’s mind that John F Kennedy was shot by Lee Harvey Oswald, moving on his ain? On 22 November 1963, President John F Kennedy was shot dead as he took portion in a motorcade through the streets of Dallas, Texas. Soon afterwards a adult male named Lee Harvey Oswald was arrested and accused of holding changeable Kennedy from the 6th floor of the Texas school Depository edifice. Even though Oswald refused to co-operate and denied all cognition of the blackwash, he was once charged the following twenty-four hours, on the 23 November. However, he ne’er stood test as merely two yearss subsequently Oswald himself was shot dead by Jack Ruby, a Dallas dark nine proprietor, as he was being taken from police central offices to tribunal. As Jack Ruby went to prison and the constabulary had no longer a suspect to inquiry, President Lyndon Baines Johnson, set up a commission led by head justness Earl Warren, to carry on an official probe into Kennedy & # 8217 ; s slaying. They were under huge force per unit area by the populace to come up with a decision. On 24 September 1964, the Warren Commission eventually issued a study of their findings. They concluded that President Kennedy was murdered by a individual gunslinger, Lee Harvey Oswald. There were legion grounds why the Warren Commission came to this decision, changing from Oswalds background and most preponderantly the difficult grounds there was against him. In fact, there was a significant sum of grounds that linked Oswald to the slaying arm and the offense scene which, doubtless helped a great trade in his strong belief. The chief grounds against Oswald was a alone Mannlicher-Carcano rifle, which was recovered on the 6th floor of the school depositary edifice and had allegedly been used for the shot. Witnesss claimed that three shootings had been fired. Three exhausted cartridges were found alongside the rifle. Ballisticss proved that the fragments from two slugs that were recovered from the Presidents limousine and from the lesions of Kennedy and Governor Connally, came from the same unusual type of rifle, made in Italy during the Second World War. Forsenic grounds besides linked Oswald to the arm. Fibers found on the rifles stock matched those on a shirt Oswald was have oning when he was arrested. Oswalds palm prints were besides found on the bottom of the gun barrel. His prints were found on a portion of the rifle that was exposed merely when it was taken to pieces. In an effort to hide the arm, Oswald may hold brought it to the edifice in pieces and so assembled it at that place. Police besides recovered a brown paper bag on the 6th floor of the depositary edifice. Oswald prints were besides found on this paper bag, inside of which were hints of oil from the rifle. Two eyewitnesses recalled seeing Oswald with this brown paper bag on the forenoon of 22 November. Lillie Mae Randall, a neighbor, stated that Oswald had carried a long bundle in a paper bag from his house that forenoon. Equally good as this, one of Oswalds ain work co-workers, Buell Wesley Frazier, who had given him a lift to work that twenty-four hours, claimed that he excessively had seen Oswald carry a big paper bag to the depositary on the forenoon of the blackwash. Both informants stated that the bundle Oswald had been transporting was 22-23 inches long, approximately the size of the rifle. The grounds easy mounted up. Next, the ownership of the rifle was traced to Oswald. His married woman, Marina, confirmed that Oswald had owned a rifle similar to the slaying arm that he kept in the garage of their house. However when the garage was searched, the rifle was losing! I believe that this made a significant difference in the probe, as Oswalds ain married woman had provided conclusive grounds against him. When captured, Oswald was transporting a bad individuality card in the name of A J Hidell. Questions were at one began at local gun shops of whether a Mannlicher-Carcano rifle had been purchased within the past twelvemonth by anyone named Oswald or Hidell. Soon a mail order provider came frontward with records to turn out that a similar rifle had been purchased by a certain A Hidell. The reference given on the reception was Oswalds and the gun had been sent to his PO Box, which he had late rented. Experts subsequently besides verified that the signature on the on the order signifier had been in Oswalds handwriting. This strengthened the probe a great trade, as it was about certain that the slaying arm had belonged to Oswald. Some thought that Oswald had purchased the arm utilizing a false Id and had rented a PO Box in order to cover his paths. Despite his attempts, it evidently hadn & # 8217 ; t worked and had really made the whole state of affairs seem more leery than it possibly was.As good as these links to the slaying arm, the Warren Commision besides established links between Oswald and the offense scene, the Texas school book depositary edifice, where Oswald had been working for six hebdomads old to the blackwash. Therefore he likely knew the edifice rather good. His prints were found on the boxes on the 6th floor of the edifice. There were besides many eyewitnesses who claimed to hold seen Oswald on the 6th floor of the depositary, prior to the slaying. Charles Givens stated that he saw Oswald on the 6th floor, moving suspiciously, at 11:55, approximately 35 proceedingss before the shot. Another adult male called Arnold Rowland who was on Elm Street merely before the motorcade was about to get, depict a adult male suiting Oswald description who he claimed was standing on the 6th floor keeping a rifle. He believed that it w
as a secret service agent and thought nothing more of it. Howard Brennan selected Oswald from an identity parade as the man bearing the closest resemblance to a rifleman he saw at the sixth floor window. With all these witnesses supporting each others claims, it was difficult to dismiss them and this reinforced their investigation even further. However the events that took place afterwards, played an important part in Oswalds conviction. This incident was another murder, this time of a policeman, Officer J D Tipppit, who was shot through the head at point-blank range. A witness, Mrs Helen Markham, stated that Tippit had stopped to question a man who produced a gun and shot Tippit before running off. Oswald was charged for Tippit’s murder as ballistics confirmed that the spent cartridges found beside Tippit’s body were of the type used in the .38 Smith and Wesson revolver found on Oswald when he was arrested. Mrs Markham also identified Oswald from an identity parade as the murderer. This incident indicated that Oswald was indeed capable of murder. There also didn’t appear to be any clear motive for the murder and the police presumed that Oswald had panicked and had shot Tippit when he had stopped to question him. But why had Oswald panicked? He may have been on edge if he had just murdered the President and could have overreacted!All this evidence against Oswald and the overwhelming number of eyewitnesses that had come forward, was enough to find Oswald guilty of murder at the time. However, the Warren Commission also investigated Oswalds background and found that he was a strange and enigmatic figure. It was evident that he had a fairly unstable and troubled past, which to most people accounted for his behaviour and the manner in which he had allegedly murdered the President. As a child he had been brought up in a single parent family, moving all over the country and living in various places. From aged 20, for a short period of time he had served in the US Marines. Here he may have learnt how to handle and use weapons such as rifles. Colleagues who had worked with him said that during this period, Oswald learnt how to speak Russian and read a lot of Communist literature. In fact, on 31 October 1959, he gave up his US citizenship and stayed in the Soviet Union where he met his wife and had his first child. However, after expressing a desire to return to the USA, he was allowed back in1962. Despite this, he now strongly believed in communism. He began making some dangerous friends due to this and joined various left-wing political groups. Again he indicated his propensity for violence when he attempted to assassinate General Edwin Walker who was a right-wing extremist and therefore from the opposite political spectrum. If he wasn’t afraid to assassinate Walker then, it was believed that he certainly wouldn’t be hesitant to assassinate the President. This incident showed that he was more than capable of murder!After returning to the USA, Oswald had also joined an undercover communist organization “Fairplay for Cuba Committee,” who were sympathetic to Fidel Castro’s revolutionary government in Cuba. However, Kennedy had approved an invasion of Cuba in order to overthrow Castro and this government, known as the ‘Bay of Pigs’ affair. Once more, this indicated that there was a conflict of ideas between the President and Oswald, who, as we know, wasn’t afraid of speaking out about his beliefs. This may have been Oswalds motive for murdering Kennedy, a democratic leader who was against communism and an opponent of Castro’s.Despite all this hard evidence and information that the Warren Commission had compiled against Oswald, there was still an abundant amount of evidence that remained inconclusive. However, the Warren Commission were under a great deal of pressure from the public to come up with a verdict about Kennedy’s assassination. Therefore they did not feel the need or have the time to investigate any further and as a result their conclusion was without doubt a hasty one. But it has to be considered that their only suspect, Lee Harvey Oswald, was dead and it was difficult for them to conduct a thorough investigation without a suspect to interrogate. As a result they only had a limited amount of evidence which was most likely why so many questions remained unanswered. Kennediy’s assassination was so sudden and cold-blooded, that it left the world in immense shock and disbelief. Naturally people wanted someone to blame, to bring the guilty party/parties to justice. When Oswald was arrested and people became aware of his background, most Americans were convinced that he was responsible. Oswald was the perfect person to blame, to them Kennedy’s murder could only have been the act of a motiveless man – a man like Oswald, an outcast bearing a grudge and seeking notoriety. The Warren Commission may well have been influenced by public opinion as they undoubtedly wanted the public to be satisfied and by concluding that Oswald was guilty, they were doing just that. By blaming Oswald they were blaming an eccentric, a misfit, someone not representing a true American. Therefore, American society couldn’t be blamed for this tragedy and its image as a peaceful nation could not be harmed in the eyes of the world. For now the American public were content with the Warren Commission’s verdict, that it was a lone-nut assassin, Lee Harvey Oswald, who had murdered their President! But the truth is that no one will ever be sure about the events that took place on the morning of 22 November 1963.