John rawls essays
Rawls general conception is that all social primary goods such as liberty, opportunity, income, and wealth should be distributed equally unless unequal distribution will help support the least favored.
Rawl's TOJ revolves around two fundamental principles which would guarantee a just and morally acceptable society.Thefirst principle "is that each person is too have equal right to the most extensive basic liberty compatible with similar liberty for others"(pg. 58) and the second that "social and economic inequalities are to be arranged so that they are both reasonably at everyone's advantage, attached to positions and offices open to all" (pg. 58.).
Rawl's introduces a theoretical "veil of ignorance" (pg 56), this provides an "objective and impartial viewpoint from which we can view our place in society and come up with principals of justice that are fair for everyone" (pg 56).This has had major influences on reform of healthcare and welfare of today however, Rawl's never says whether his system should have an obligation for a society to provide health care services.
Rawl's in a nutshell believes that everyone should have the same rights and access to the most basic liberties, and even includes the least advantaged people. While society need not provide these liberties they must make sure all have equal access to them.
Possible problems with Rawl's theory is that it does not exhibit stability and in our nature as people we are selfish and therefore envy.It also depends on progress as well as puts us in a position where self respect and material goods collides.