Problems Faced by Coir Industry Essay
The Coir Industry has been significantly Export-Oriented and a valuable foreign exchange earner. On an mean about 20 per cent of the entire Coir merchandises manufactured are exported from the state. chiefly to West European states. United States of America ( USA ) and Canada. The merchandises include fibre. narration. mats. entangling. carpets and rugs. rope and rubberized coir. Unfortunately. the exports in the recent yesteryear show a worsening tendency. Increased competition from other states use of replacements traditional methods of production hold in put to deathing orders are some of the major grounds mentioned for decreased exports.
Because of this. the makers have started to pay more attending to the internal market that was non to the full exploited earlier. Attempts have been stepped up to popularise Coir merchandises in India by assorted organisations both in Public and Private sectors and to perforate to immense market that exists for floor covering and other applications. In the interim. Coconut cultivation besides got spread over in many parts other than the traditional countries like Tamil Nadu. in a important manner. Prominent among the provinces other than Tamil Nadu. which have promoted coir industry. are Kerala. Karnataka. Andhra Pradesh and Orissa.
The Coir Industry in Tamil Nadu soon provides direct employment to about 3. 60 lakhs individuals including those who are employed for portion of the twelvemonth. It is a fact that a good per centum of this is adult females engaged in the Spinning of Coir. The indirect employment is besides really important. The potency of this industry for up step and enlargement is high and if taken advantage of this will hold a important impact on the coastal economic system of the State. Acknowledging this fact the Government introduced a figure of ordinances for prolonging the industry including those intended to better the handiness of chaff for the industry at sensible cost.
It is imperative that the Government of Tamil Nadu evolves schemes for research and development in this field and stimulates variegation and growing of the industry through co-ordinate activities among the functional Ministries concerned with Agriculture Industry and Infrastructure Development. An enlightened policy in this respect is really much required and there is no uncertainty that such a policy is bound to do a important impact on the economic system of the State.
The Coir Board is a statutory organic structure established under the Coir Industry Act. 1953 for advancing the overall development of the coir industry and upliftment of the life conditions of workers engaged in this traditional industry. The Coir Board consists of a full-time Chairman and 39 members. as provided in Section 4 of the Coir Industry Act. 1953. stand foring all stakeholders in Coir Industry.
The Functions Of The Coir Board For The Development Of Coir Industry •Include set abouting Scientific. Technological and Economic Research and Development activities •Collection of Statistics associating to exports and internal ingestion of Coir and Coir Products •Development of new merchandises and designs
•Publicity for publicity of exports and internal gross revenues
•Marketing of Coir and Coir merchandises in India and abroad
•Prevention of unjust competition among administrations among manufacturers of Husk. Coir Fibre. Coir Yarn and Manufacturers of Coir Products •Ensuring compensable returns to Manufacturers and Manufacturers. etc. About Coir Fibre
Coir is a various natural fiber extracted from mesocarp tissue. or chaff of the coconut fruit Generally fibre is of aureate colour when cleaned after taking from coconut chaff ; and hence the name ” The Golden Fibre” . Coir is the hempen chaff of the coconut shell. Being tough and of course immune to seawater. the coir protects the fruit adequate to last months drifting on ocean currents to be washed up on a sandy shore where it may shoot and turn into a tree. if it has adequate fresh H2O. because all the other foods it needs have been carried along with the seed. These features make the fibres rather utile in floor and out-of-door mats. fish tank filters. cordage and rope. and garden mulch. Structure Of Coir Fibre
The single fiber cells are narrow and hollow. with thick walls made of cellulose. They are pale when immature but subsequently become hardened and yellowed as a bed of lignin. is deposited on their walls. Mature brown coir fibers contain more lignin and less cellulose than fibers such as flax and cotton and so are stronger but less flexible. They are made up of little togss. each less than 0. 05 inch ( 1. 3 millimeter ) long and 10 to 20 microns in diameter. White fiber is smoother and finer. but besides weaker. The coir fiber is comparatively rainproof and is the lone natural fiber resistant to damage by salt H2O.
Green coconuts. harvested after approximately six to twelve months on the works. contain fictile white fibers. Brown fiber is obtained by reaping to the full mature coconuts when the alimentary bed environing the seed is ready to be processed into copra and desiccated coconut. The hempen bed of the fruit is so separated from the difficult shell ( manually ) by driving the fruit down onto a spike to divide it ( De-husking ) . Machines are now available which crush the whole fruit to give the loose fibers. Types Of Coir Fibre
The Fibrous chaffs are soaked in cavities or in cyberspaces in a slow traveling organic structure of H2O to swell and soften the fibers. The long bristle fibers are separated from the shorter mattress fibers underneath the tegument of the nut. a procedure known as wet-milling. The mattress fibers are sifted to take soil and other trash. dried and packed into bales. Some mattress fiber is allowed to retain more wet so that it retains its snap for ‘twisted’ fibre production. The coir fiber is elastic plenty to writhe without interrupting and it holds a coil as though for good waved. Distortion is done by merely doing a rope of the hank of fiber and writhing it utilizing a machine or by manus. The longer bristle fiber is washed in clean H2O and so dried before being tied into packages or hunks. It may so be cleaned and ‘hackled’ by steel combs to unbend the fibers and take any shorter fiber pieces. Coir bristle fiber can besides be bleached and dyed to obtain Hankss of different colorss.
The immature chaffs are suspended in a river or water-filled cavity for up to ten months. During this clip micro-organisms interruption down the works tissues environing the fibers to loosen them – a procedure known as retting. Sections of the chaff are so beaten by manus to divide out the long fibers. which are later dried and cleaned. Cleaned fiber is ready for whirling into narration utilizing a simple one-handed system or a spinning wheel.
Uses Or Applications
Brown Coir is used in coppices. weaklings. mattresses and plundering. A little sum is besides made into string. Pads of curling brown coir fiber. made by needle-felting ( a machine technique that mats the fibers together ) are shaped and cut to make full mattresses and for usage in eroding control on river Bankss and hillsides. A major proportion of brown coir tablets are sprayed with gum elastic latex which bonds the fibers together ( rubberized coir ) to be used as upholstery cushioning for the car industry in Europe. The stuff is besides used for insularity and packaging. The major usage of white coir is in rope industry. Mats of woven Coir Fibre are made from the finer classs of bristle and white fiber utilizing manus or mechanical looms. Coir is recommended as replacement for polished peat moss because it is free of bacterial and fungous spores.
Some Coir Facts
Coir is a various natural fiber extracted from mesocarp tissue. or chaff of the coconut fruit. The chaff contains 20 % to 30 % fiber of changing length. After crunching the chaff. the long fibers are removed and used for assorted industrial intents. such as rope and mat devising. The staying stuff composed of short and average length fibers every bit good as pith tissue is normally referred to as waste-grade coir. The waste grade coir may be screened to take portion or all of the fiber and the staying merchandise are referred to as Coir Pith.