The Key to Korea’s National Stability Amidst Modernization Essay
In this invariably developing and germinating universe. alteration is a changeless and common procedure. With the alterations that the universe undergoes. people. organisations. authoritiess. and states undergo the important processes that make them better and better in accomplishing their ends and aspirations.
This procedure of alteration and development appears to be a necessary happening since the universe is every bit good undergoing globalisation and modernisation. As a consequence. states are choosing to widen their skylines and incorporate newer civilizations. patterns. engineerings. political orientations. and lifestyles increasing chances for national growing and advancement.
However. the pick to encompass modernness besides has several drawbacks. One of these disadvantages is the inclination of a state to lose its heritage. civilization. and ancient tradition and individuality. A batch of states have already sacrificed these things for the interest of better chances and competences with the remainder of the universe. However. interestingly and imposingly. there are other states which are able to continue and keep their individuality and heritage along with their attempt to integrate globalisation and modernness in their policies.
One of the successful states which are able to keep their individuality and stableness as a state is the Asiatic tiger state. Korea. Its success narrative seems to be stating the universe that although many states appear to keep a disbelieving mentality in forcing through patriotism alongside modernisation. Park and Sung of the South and North Korea seem to hold and believe that patriotism is really modernization’s requirement.
The Country’ Secrets to its Survival and Competency
Merely like any other state. Korea has besides experienced failures and ruination ( Park 118 ) . During the earlier times. it can be recalled that Korea faced several challenges that tested their integrity as a state and finally resulted in a fatal blow to its integrity. spliting the state into a Communist ( North Korea ) and a republican ( South Korea ) province.
This division is non the lone test the state has faced. Its history reveals a batch of other quandaries such as jobs in liberty in administration. inability to stand entirely as a state. rebellions. and deficiency of united attempts ( Park 118 ) . These were the chief grounds why the people of Korea have undergone a procedure of remainder and inaction for an drawn-out period of clip.
As a consequence. it became hard for Koreans themselves to look at their national history as a contemplation of their individualism as a state since it merely reflects how far apart their political orientations have been separated. This served as the leeway for the state to eventually recognize its possible for modernness. The dictator President Park of South Korea realized this possible. During the 1970’s. he realized that what the state needed was so modernisation and the credence for alteration and development.
Therefore. the importance of the democratic revolution was one time once more given accent. During that clip. he suggested to his people that their state was so confronting the challenge of globalisation and encompassing modernness. His enterprise to prosecute such action was clearly reflected in this extract from his book. Our Nation’s Way: “Our state is now faced with the undertaking of modernisation. The end of our democratic revolution is to carry through this undertaking. which has remained unresolved since the yearss when the Western European great powers started their progress to the Orient” ( Park 119 ) .
Because of this mission. Park was forced to device policies and programs in order to do his people cooperate in prosecuting modernness. Sing this new challenge. many states kept a disbelieving head about the success of Korea. Some thought that instead than assisting Korea to step up in footings of modernness. this move would merely rush their ruin.
This was the impression that President Park besides tried to confute. He pushed the thought of beef uping the nation’s patriotism as it can be considered as their voice and look of their willingness and committedness to last in the larger diplomatic sphere in the face of their stronger rivals ( Park 120 ) .
The former president besides stressed that South Korea must turn out that their battle for release in 1945 was non put to waste. He emphasized that the democracy must ignore all selfish purposes and battle for autonomy for integrity and the common good. Aside from this. Park besides focused on working out assorted other aspects the Republic must turn to like poorness and the building of a healthy democracy ( Park 120 ) . These were merely some of the leader’s moves and game programs in forcing through Korea’s endurance in the modern universe.
On the other manus. in the communist portion of the state. different schemes were besides enacted. Former leader of North Korea. Kim Il Sung. pushed for a peaceable reunion alternatively of an aggressive battle for modernisation. and his attempts to prosecute this were explicitly stated in his New Year address in January 1972 ( Sung 175 ) .
He stressed that over the old ages. the treatment for reunion has been the lone subject and thought that has alleviated the hurt of his fellow countrymen. For him. the country’s ultimate integrity of working towards modernisation shall merely be possible if they will be reunified as one state once more:
The full people of north and south Korea are really glad that such contact between the North and South has been materialized. though tardily. and are consentaneous in showing the hope that the negotiations pave the certain manner of drawing down the barriers between the North and South and happening the peaceable reunion of the state. ( Sung 175 )
This reflects the leader’s house and affirmatory attitude in forcing through the fusion of the state. Harmonizing to Sung. true integrity is the key that will assist the state in set uping a stronger spirit of patriotism which will besides assist its people to encompass the thought of working together to accomplish modernisation. He stressed that seeing his fellow Koreans in a changeless province of anxiousness and restlessness upset him as a leader and made him recognize that what the state needs is peaceable reunion as modernization’s requirement.
In assorted ways. this perspective appears different from what President Park was stressing. However. if it would be analyzed exhaustively. both leaders are really tilting towards mobilising their people to work towards modernisation. From this entirely. it can be inferred that the state portions a communal end of accepting alteration and development.
The Formation of Political Rules as the Platform and Foundation of Modernization
Sing that Korea has withstood assorted challenges including pandemonium. colonisation. and deficiency of united motion and a united authorities. a batch of repairing and Reconstruction have been necessary in order to accomplish the awaited modernisation. Aside from the necessary information airing on globalisation and modernisation to the populace. the authoritiess in both the North and South Korea besides needed to estimate and measure the monetary value they have to pay in order to achieve modernisation.
President Park. with optimistic attitude towards patriotism. implemented political regulations inclined towards the economic and societal reforms that appear necessary for the state to win in Reconstruction and edifice a stronger economic platform ( 122 ) . This was Park’s thought of what the state has to make in order to to the full encompass “Koreanization” ( Park 122 ) . On the other manus. Sung of the North Korea had a different sentiment. For Sung. aside from keeping an indestructible communist authorities in the North. Koreans must besides larn how to beef up their watchfulness for impending menaces by the U. S. Imperialists and the Nipponese warmongers ( Sung 189 ) .
Contrary to Park’s motion. this appears to be Sung’s thought of the battle towards a better sense of nationalism—that aside from opening Korea to planetary trade. the state and its countrymen should besides be more alert and vigilant of the cloaked onslaughts that other states might device ( Sung 189 ) . This seems to be the ground why most of Sung’s political regulations lean towards the battle against endangering foreign intercessions and incursions to their system.
The Current Strength and Advantage of Korea’s Political Body and Its Effectss to the Sustenance of its Identity despite Modernization
Despite all the aforesaid challenges and tests faced by North and South Korea. it can be observed that at nowadays. the state is going progressively successful. Based on the current base and place of Korea in the universe. it can be said that its battles. as reflected in its history. are an ultimate success narrative ( Asiatic Development Bank [ ADB ] ) .
Today. a batch of leaders admit that the battle of Korea reflects a singular illustration for the all the states in Asia to larn from ( ADB ) . ADB president. Tadao Chino. expressed how impressed he is with country’s fast planetary recovery. He stated in a Korean Day seminar that. “After the Asiatic Financial Crisis struck in 1997. Korea recovered rapidly thanks to strong structural reforms. particularly in the fiscal and corporate sectors” ( ADB ) .
This implies that the state has successfully moved itself in the planetary limelight and has succeeded every bit good in go throughing the planetary criterions. Aside from this. Korean civilization. manner. and engineering are besides going known throughout the universe. In the recent old ages. the universe has been surprised to see the “Korean identity” come ining the planetary market. This hence proves that Park and Sung’s attempts were ne’er put to waste. The established structured political regulations have so done a great trade of assistance in modeling the country’s individuality and the alleged “Koreanization” despite the ambitious trials of globalisation and modernisation.
Presently. many states have become cognizant of who the Koreans are. what their civilization and traditions are like. how they dress up. what sort of life style they have. and a batch of other things which make up the individualism of Korea as a state. Therefore. in several ways. this success narrative of Korea implies that patriotism will ne’er impede and change modernisation.
Some states may non hold much pandemonium and incapacitated battles written in their history like in Korea. Some states may hold achieved modernisation that easy. without holding to travel though the important conflicts that Korea faced and fought. However. despite the fact that Korea’s history is painted with struggle and battles. it can however be regarded as an ultimate success narrative. Although Korea was split as a state into two different leadings over the old ages. its attempt for modernisation and globalisation remained communal and strong.
Both authoritiess moved towards opening the country’s skyline to much wider Scopess. encompassing and accepting foreign political orientations and opening their economic system to foreign bargainers. Some states might hold thought that this would go another challenge to the country’s attempts to prosecute patriotism. but Korea seemingly proved otherwise. Its success in the international sphere amidst strong competition merely shows that a state might necessitate to be united as a state foremost before it can travel towards larger purposes like national modernisation.
Structured political regulations every bit good as the reinforced democratisation in South Korea—which started in 1987 and is still predominating today—serve as the actuating force of the state which ended its long painful battle and led the decision of its communal desire and resignation for patriotism ( “Chapter Twenty-Six. South Korean Democratization” 1 ) . This and all of the abovementioned groundss of Korea’s success narrative merely attest that patriotism and holding one distinguishable national individuality will ne’er acquire in the manner of modernisation ; instead. it may assist the state on its manner to success.
Asiatic Development Bank. “Republic of Korea Offers Success Story for Rest of Asia. ADB president Tells Korea Day Seminar. ” Asian Development Bank. 14 May 2004. 5 May 2009. & lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //www. adb. org/Media/Articles/2004/4987_korea_success_story_at_day